Gum Disease 101: Learning About the Different Stages

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Did you know gum disease has two different stages? Well, it’s true. One stage is more treatable and the other is more dangerous. The two stages are gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It develops when the plaque on your teeth is left untreated. As time passes, the plaque grows and irritates your gums, making them red and swollen and even making them bleed easily when you brush and floss your teeth. Oftentimes little to no discomfort is experienced at this stage. The best way to treat this version of gum disease is to have a professional dental cleaning and to make improvements to your oral hygiene routine.


Periodontitis is the advanced form of gum disease that occurs when gingivitis is untreated. As time goes by, the plaque turns into tartar, which is also known as calculus. The tartar spreads and grows below the gumline. Then, the toxins in the bacterial substance stimulate a chronic inflammatory response that promotes the destruction of the underlying bone and tissues. During this stage, the gums also move away from the teeth and create pockets that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets excavate and more gum tissue and bones are destroyed. The best ways to treat this stage of the disease are to undergo laser periodontal therapy, receive scaling and root planing treatments, and take antibiotics.

Now that you know all about the two stages of gum disease and the treatments necessary to eliminate them from your smile, it’s time to prevent the disease as much as possible. To help you do so, our Cross Pointe Dental dental team encourages you to remain diligent in your oral hygiene routine and visit Dr. Bradley Bath every six months for a routine cleaning and exam. These things are important because they help remove the harmful plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums.

To schedule an appointment with your dentist or to know more about gum disease in Evansville, Indiana, please call our office at 812-476-6064 at your earliest convenience. We are happy to help you, and we look forward to hearing from you!