At the office of Cross Pointe Dental, we are aware that your oral health affects your overall well-being, and provide treatments designed to promote your oral health as much as possible. We invite you to contact our office at 812-476-6064 for more information on our dental treatments and periodontal care in Evansville, Indiana, and to schedule your appointment with our experienced dentist.
Research has shown a strong connection between your oral health and the rest of your body. Periodontal disease in particular has been connected to a variety of other serious medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, respiratory disease, and pregnancy complications. Reducing the risk of gum disease also reduces your chances of developing other serious illnesses.
Gum Disease and Diabetes
Individuals with pre-existing diabetic conditions are more likely to be susceptible to periodontal disease. Gum disease increases your blood sugar levels, making it difficult to control the amount of glucose in your blood, and increasing your chances of diabetic complications. Diabetes will thicken your blood vessels, making it more difficult for the mouth to get rid of excess sugar, and creating a breeding ground for bacteria in your mouth.
Gum Disease, Heart Disease, and Stroke
There are two theories about the link between gum disease and heart disease. One is that oral bacteria attaches to the coronary arteries in the bloodstream, contributing to blood clot formation and the narrowing of coronary arteries, creating the potential for a heart attack. The other theory is that the inflammation of gum disease causes a buildup of plaque that swells the arteries and worsens pre-existing heart conditions.
Gum Disease and Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass, and a decrease in bone mineral density. It is most common among post-menopausal women. Women with osteoporosis are more likely to develop periodontal disease, due to estrogen deficiency and lower mineral density, which accelerate the rate of gum loss and weaken the bones.
Gum Disease and Respiratory Disease
The oral bacteria that causes gum disease has also been known to cause or worsen emphysema, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These oral bacteria can be inhaled into the lower respiratory tract, causing bacterial infection and inflammation in the lungs.
Gum Disease and Pregnancy Complications
Women in general have a greater risk of developing periodontal disease due to fluctuations in their hormones that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. Pregnant women with gum disease have a greater risk of entering labor prematurely and delivering babies that are underweight.